Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a bleeding disorder in which the immune system destroys platelets, which are necessary for the blood clotting. It is an autoimmune disease with antibodies detectable against several platelets surface antigens. It is also known as immune thrombocytopenic purpura. Normally, the blood clots due to the presence of the platelets in the blood; if platelet count decreases, then blood clot formation takes place slowly and as a result there is an excessive bleeding. It affects both children and adults. In children it usually recovers by itself without treatment but in adults, the disorder is chronic. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is more common in women than men and more common in children than adults. In children the disorder often, occurs after viral infection such as mumps and the flu. In adults, it is more often chronic disease and occurs after the viral infection and with the use of certain drugs like in pregnancy.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA?
The exact cause of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is not known.
In this disease, the immune system does not work properly and start attacking the platelets, as if they are foreign substance for the body. Antibodies produced by the system get attached to the Platelets. The spleen, which helps to fight against the infection recognizes the antibodies and removes the platelets from the system. In ITP the platelet count is below 20,000, while normally it is 150,000 platelets per micro liter of circulating blood.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF THE IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA?
The different types of the Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura are as follows:
- Acute ITP: It is the most common type of disorders. It usually lasts less than six months and mainly occurs in the children.
- Chronic ITP: It usually lasts for six months or more than that. It is mainly seen in teenagers and adults.
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF THE IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA?
- Formation of the purpura (bruises).
- Superficial bleeding in the skin that appears as of pin-point sized reddish purple spots usually on the lower legs.
- Bleeding from the nostrils and gums.
- Blood in urine and stools.
- Menorrhagia (Excessive bleeding).
- Prolonged bleeding from the cuts.
- Excessive bleeding during surgery.
WHAT CAN BE THE RISK FACTORS OF THE IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA?
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura can occur at any age, there can be few risk factors:
- Sex: Women are more prone to this disease than men.
- Recent Viral Infection: Viral infections like mumps and the flu are the risk factor for this disease.
WHAT CAN BE THE COMPLICATIONS OF THE IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA?
The most common complication of the ITP is intracranial hemorrhage.
Normally for the treatment corticosteroids are used, prolonged use of corticosteroids will produce some of the side effects, which are as follows:
- An increased risk of infection.
- High blood sugar.
- A loss of muscle mass.
WHAT ARE THE METHODS TO DIAGNOSE THE IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA?
Following are the methods to diagnose the idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura:
- Medical history.
- Physical examination.
- Complete blood count.
- Bone marrow examination.
AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR ITP (IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA)
Planet Ayurveda is a herbal manufacturing company. It provides herbal formulation for the various health diseases. As we know in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura platelets count decrease. Planet ayurveda provides an effective Ayurvedic treatment for ITP (Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura) treatment. These are herbs especially to increase the platelet count.
Planet Ayurveda provides following herbal preparation for the low platelets count:
1) Mix the following and make 60 sachets, take 1 sachet twice daily with rose Patel jam
- Praval Pishti: 10 gm.
- Jahar Mohra Pishti: 10 gm.
- Rajat Bhasam: 5 gm.
- Swarn Makshik Bhasam: 10 gm.
- Kamdudha Ras: 5 gm.
- Akik Pishti: 5 gm.
- Swran Basant Malti Ras: 2 gm.
- Mikta Pishti: 6 gm.
- Giloy satv: 10 gm.
Mix all together; take 1 sachet twice daily with Rose petal jam.
2) G-Plat: 2 Bottles (120 Capsules)
3) Pitta Balance: 1 Bottle (60 Capsules)
4) Ashwagandha Capsules: 1 Bottle (60 Capsules)
5) Amalaki Rasayan: 2 bottles (120 capsules)
This herbal product consists of Papaya (Carica papaya), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) and wheat (triticum aestivum).
Benefits: It helps to fight the infection and boosts up the immune system. It has an anti-inflammatory property. It is also very effective in skin disorders. It also helps to increase the platelet count.
Dosage: 2 capsules twice daily with plain water, after the meals.
2. Pitta Balance
Pitta balance capsules consists of Parval pishti (Coral) compound, Akik pishti (Agate) compound, Jawar Mohra pisti (Compound), Kamdhudha ras (Compound), Mukta Pisti (Pearl) compound and Giloy satva (Tinospora cordifolia).
Benefits: This herbal formulation balances the fire element in the body. According to ayurveda, Pitta represents the Fire element in the body. It provides strength to the immune system. It is useful in relieving the excessive bleeding as it balances the pitta dosha. It provides cooling and soothing effect to the body. Burning sensation can also be relieved by this herb. Capsule Pitta balance helps to balance all the three doshas. It is also very effective in skin problems.
Dosage: 1 capsule twice daily with plain water, after meals.
3. Ashwagandha Capsules
This herbal formulation is the pure extract of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera).
Benefits: Ashwagandha capsules stimulate the immune system and promote the proper functioning of the body. It increases the lymphocyte count. It also helps to increase the red blood count. It rejuvenates the tissues of the body. It has an Adaptogenic property also. It also acts as a nerve tonic that enhances physical as well as mental stamina. It is also known as a best natural stress buster ever.
Dosage: 1 capsule twice daily with plain water, after meals.
4. Amalaki Rasayan
This herbal formulation is the pure extract of Amalaki (Emblica officanlis).
Benefits: Amalaki rasayan capsules are nature's richest source of natural vitamin C. It is best herb for improving the immunity and rejuvenates the body. It also acts as an anti-oxidant. It also increases the immunity of the body to fight against the disease. It is very effective in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Ayurveda describes it is one of the best herb for bleeding disorders.
Dosage: 2 capsules twice daily with plain water, after meals.
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WHAT ARE THE PRECAUTIONS FOR THE IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC DISORDER?
The cause of ITP is not known, hence there is no specific way to prevent this. However, bleeding and injury can be serious for the ITP sufferer, to decrease the chances of the bleeding injuries:
- Children should wear helmets while playing.
- Avoid playing contact sports like football.
- Avoid medications like aspirin and ibuprofen as these medications decrease platelet activity.