Usually the reason for low platelet count is bone marrow depression or faulty bone marrow function.
There are the following major reasons for low platelet counts -
- Faulty production/ low production from bone marrow. The other cells like RBC's or WBC's may also be low in many cases. Bone marrow depression is caused by so many reasons like drugs, drug reactions, alcohol, cancers etc.
- Body conditions where the platelet destruction is more than the production rate in the bone marrow.
- Spleen Problems can also be the reason for low platelets.
- Other systemic illnesses like Leukemias, AIDS, lymphomas and different types of cancers can also be the reasons for low platelet count.
WHAT ARE PLATELETS?
Platelets, or thrombocytes (from Greek θρόμβος, "clot" and κύτος, "cell"), are small, irregularly shaped clear cell fragments (i.e. cells that do not have a nucleus containing DNA), 2–3 µm in diameter. The average lifespan of a platelet is normally just 5 to 9 days. Platelets are a natural source of growth factors. They circulate in the blood of mammals and are involved in hemostasis, leading to the formation of blood clots.
If the number of platelets is too low, excessive bleeding can occur. However, if the number of platelets is too high, blood clots can form (thrombosis), which may obstruct blood vessels and result in such events as a stroke, myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism or the blockage of blood vessels to other parts of the body, such as the extremities of the arms or legs. An abnormality or disease of the platelets is called a thrombocytopathy, which could be either a low number of platelets (thrombocytopenia), a decrease in function of platelets (thrombasthenia), or an increase in the number of platelets (thrombocytosis).
There are disorders that reduce the number of platelets, such as heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) that typically cause thromboses, or clots, instead of bleeding.
WHAT IS ITP - IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is the condition of having an abnormally low platelet count (thrombocytopenia) of no known cause (idiopathic). As most incidents of ITP appear to be related to the production of antibodies against platelets, immune thrombocytopenic purpura or immune thrombocytopenia are terms also used to describe this condition. Often ITP is asymptomatic (devoid of obvious symptoms), however a very low platelet count can lead to visible symptoms, such as purpura (large bruises), or more seriously, bleeding diathesis.
HOW TO INCREASE LOW PLATELET COUNTS? NATURAL TREATMENT OF LOW PLATELETS
Ayurveda known as "science of Life" and "knowledge of Life" and practiced in India as traditional health care system recognized by WHO. The ayurvedic treatment of low platelet count consists of using some natural remedies, ayurvedic medicines helpful to increase low platelet count. The remedies are particularly effective in treatment of Idiopathic Thromobocytopenia purpura - ITP i.e. Low platelet count due to reasons mostly unknown.
THE AYURVEDIC TREATMENT USED TO INCREASE PLATELET COUNT CONSISTS OF THE FOLLOWING
1. Mix the following and make 60 sachets, take 1 sachet twice daily with Rose Petal Jam.
- Praval Pishti - 10 gm
- Jahar Mohra pishti - 10 gm
- Rajat Bhasma - 5 gm
- Swarn Makshik Bhasma - 10 gm
- Kamdudha Ras- 5 gm
- Akik Pishti - 5 gm
- Swran Basant Malti Ras-2 gm
- Mukta Pishti - 6 gm
- Giloy Satv - 10 gm
___ Mix all together, take 1 sachet twice daily with Rose petal jam.
2. Cap. G - Plat - 1 twice daily
3. Cap. Pitta Balance - 1 twice daily
4. Cap. Ashwagandha - 1 twice daily
5. Cap. Amalaki Rasayan - 2 twice daily
Papaya leaf juice - An excellent herbal remedy for low platelet count. It should be taken every 2 hrs interval ( about 20 ml juice of papaya leaves) and this helps to increase platelets within 1 or 2 days. This is an effective herbal remedy for low platelet counts.
Indian pennywort leaf juice - Juice of the leaves of Centella asiatica and in Hindi it is called Mandukparni
Juice of leaves of Papaya - 2 tablespoonfuls twice daily ( Give leaf juice and not fruit juice)
Juice of Beetroot (Chukandar in Hindi) - 1 tablespoonful thrice daily