Disc is shock-absorbing pads which are present between the bones of the spine. They are also called as intervertebral discs. The center of the disc is called as nucleus, which consist of gel like substance that receives shock of standing, walking or running. A disc may bulge, split, or rupture due to some external pressure on them; the condition is commonly called as "slip" (slip disc).
A slip disc injury is a common injury that takes place in the intervertebral disc. It can occur in the lower back (in lumbar spine), upper and mid-back (in thoracic spine) or in the neck (in cervical spine). Because of this, disc cartilage and the tissues which are nearby can fail, this condition is called herniated, due to which the disc rupture and the gel like substance from the inner part of the disc come out to the surrounding tissues. This can place pressure on the spinal cord or on an adjoining nerve to cause symptoms of pain, numbness, or weakness around the injured disc or anywhere along the area where the nerves are present.
It can commonly call as a slipped disc, bulging disc, a protruding disc or Herniated disc.
SYMPTOMS OF A SLIPPED DISC INCLUDE
Symptoms of slip disc depend on the location or the type of tissues involved.
THE SYMPTOMS INVOLVE:
If the rupture/ bulging disc has taken place in the back (thoracic spine):
- Muscle weakness, numbness, or tingling in one or both legs, arms, hands, neck
- Increased reflexes in one or both legs that can cause spasticity
- Changes in bladder or bowel function
- Paralysis from the waist down
If the rupture/bulging disc has taken place in the neck area (cervical spine):
- Pain while moving your neck
- Deep pain near or over the shoulder
- Radiating pain in the back of the skull, upper arm, forearm, and in the fingers
The pain start very slowly, but it get worse with the passage of time.
CAUSES OF BULGING DISC
The condition may occur due to weakness of annulus (outer ring of the disc, which provides structure and strength to the disc). The annulus consists of a complex sequence of mingled layers of fibrous tissue that keep the nucleus in place.
IT CAN OCCUR DUE TO MANY REASONS:
- Due to severe accident or sudden jerk
- Due to heavy weight lifting
- Due to sitting for long hours
- Due to Obesity
- Genetic Factors can also be one of the reasons.
Diagnosing begins with the investigation of complete history of the problem and a physical exam.
The history includes the information about the old illness or problems like any old spin problem, arthritis problem, any old injuries, for how long a person is experiencing the symptoms.
This history will include questions about other illnesses, old spine problems, arthritis if any, injuries, type of symptoms and since when the symptoms are there, and response to treatments.
Physical examination is done through full checkup of the person.
X-Ray, CT scan and MRI are suggested to obtain clear picture of the problem and to know exactly which part of the spine is affected.
AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR BULGE DISC / SLIP DISC
Ayurveda has categorized Slip disc as one of the problem which occur due to Vata vitiation i.e. swelling of the abdomen (it is one of the main dosha in the body which is responsible for the functionality of the body). Ayurvedic treatments for bulge disc focus on bringing back the irritated vata, to the normal state and make it healthy again.
Planet Ayurveda provides some of effective herbal supplements for slip disc which can be taken on regular basis for better control. They can be taken with ongoing allopathic medicines initially and can be reduced slowly depending upon body's requirement. Herbs take care of problem from the root level hence one should be patient to have positive results of their.
1. HAKAM CHURNA
Hakam churna is a perfect blend of herbs like chandershoor (Lepidium sativum), kalaounji (Nigella sativa), methi (Trigonella foenum) and ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi). This is well advised in painful joint like back pain with morning stiffness. This amazing herbal powder has ability to restore digestive health and balace vitiated vata dosha.
Dosage - 1 tsp twice daily.
Boswellia Curcumin Capsules of Planet Ayurveda are packed with standardized extract of Curcumin, a principal compound of turmeric (Haridra) and Boswellia serrate (Shalakki). This combination helps to give strength to discs and relives pain and inflammation.
Dosage - 2 cap twice daily.
Ingredients of Yograj Guggulu are Shudh Guggulu (Commiphora mukul), Chitraka (Plumbago zeylanica), Pippali (Piper longum), Jeeraka (Cuminum cyminum), Devdaru (Cedrus deodara), Ela (Eletteria cardamomum), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Mustaka (Citrus rotundus), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Ardraka (Zingiber officinale) etc. This is very useful in reducing pain and improving digestive system.
Dosage - 2 tab twice daily.
Another herbal blend with ingredients such as ashwagandha, Haridra, methi etc, aamvatantak churna is excellent as a detoxification formula. It reduces pain, inflammation and morning stiffness. All herbs are best known for their actions and properties in Ayurveda and they work in synergistic manner to control acute and chronic back pain.
Dosage - 1 cap twice daily.
Besides treating the disorder by Ayurvedic means one should also practice yoga & pranayama techniques. They should make the required modifications in life-style & dietary habits to make sure the best possibility of recovery.